Renewables are forms of energy which are essentially inexhaustive, unlike fossil fuel sources. These sources include wind (onshore and offshore) hydro, wave, tidal, biomass, solar and geothermal. Renewable energy can be used for heating and transport as well as electricity generation.
As the world’s population continues to increase, the Earth’s fossil fuel supplies (oil, gas, coal) being limited are depleting over time. It is becoming increasingly difficult to assess the remaining reserves of these and Scientists also believe that gasses, which are released when fossil fuels are burned to produce energy, are contributing towards climate change.
There are legally binding targets set by the EU with the current 2020 targets being that 20% of the EU’s energy consumption requires to be from renewable sources.
There are many forms of renewable energy and we detail two of the key varieties below:-